Sod and Lawn Care
by American Landscape Design and Installation
Sod and Lawn Installation
Sod and Lawn Installation
Use a tape measure to determine the size of your area. (Length times width equals area.) For irregular areas, break it down into rectangles (Length x Width=Area), or triangles (1/2 Length x Width=Area), and add up the sections to get your total area. Add 5% extra for irregular areas or 2% extra for square or rectangle areas. You are better off having a roll or two left over then coming up short.
Soil Preparation is important for the long term health and vigor of your lawn.
- Remove weeds, sticks and large rocks.
- Rototill to a depth of at least 4-6".
- Rough grade for proper drainage
- Spread soil amendments.
- Rough grade again to reestablish drainage.
- Install underground irrigation system for easy and more uniform watering.
- Finish grade lawn area should be 3/4"-1" below concrete walks, mow strips, and sprinkler heads.
- Roll lawn area with a water roller 1/3 full of water to smooth out and firm the surface. This will also show any low spots in the area that need to be filled.
- Water to moisten and settle soil a day or two before the sod delivery.
- If soil is dry moisten the night before or if soil is hot at time of installation, mist the soil to cool it. Hot soil or dry soil may damage sod roots.
- In hot weather protect unlaid sod by placing rolls in shade, covering with moist burlap and/or sprinkling with water.
- Start laying the sod rolls along a straight edge or along a straight line in an irregular area. Start with a full roll and push edges against the side. As you lay the sod pieces it is important to butt the edges together. Do not overlap.
Regular feedings help your lawn to be its best and keep it strong in the face of future problems. Feed about every 6-8 weeks. It just takes a few minutes to give your grass the nutrients it needs to be its best.
Weed-free lawns are the stuff of dreams and championship golf courses. In fact, when you consider the tenacity of weeds, it's a wonder any of us win the pitched battles we wage with these pesky invaders. Just one dandelion plant makes up to 15,000 seeds, each of which can survive six years in the soil—creating 15,000 more seeds when it sprouts and matures.
Synthetic herbicides are the usual response to chronic weed problems. But used unwisely, these chemical weed killers can be dangerous to people, pets and turf. And unless you get at the underlying problems that weaken lawns and favor weeds, you might have to apply herbicides frequently.
The best way to control dandelions and other weeds in your yard is to grow a thick, vigorous lawn. Dense grass crowds out weeds and blocks the sunlight their seeds need to germinate. If only a few weeds dot your lawn, changing your maintenance tactics might be all it takes to get rid of them.